use of ramie (Boehmeria nivea) SABYASACHI MITRA1, MUKESH KUMAR2, MONIDIPTA SAHA3 and B S MAHAPATRA4 Central Research Institute for Jute … ERROR: Form not sent! Uses of Ramie. They are used in the treatment of fluxes and wounds. has natural stain resisting ability with ease of stain/soil removal similar to that of linen (and this is better than cotton) Uses. Define ramie. Familiarity information: RAMIE used as a noun is very rare. Les fibres de ramie peuvent être transformées en fils ou cordages, remarquables pour leur solidité. Several patents have already been reported for efficient degumming and bleaching of ramie … Ramie is a bast fiber. Shorter fibres and waste are used in paper manufacture. Ramie was used to produce an open weave fabric called mechera, used for shirts and dressing gowns suitable for warm climates. Study reports on the diseases of ramie, its occurrence, symptoms, and control measures. Advantages and Disadvantages of Ramie Fibers: In the below, I have written about advantages and disadvantages of ramie fibers. endobj A perennial herb or shrub native to eastern Asia and cultivated elsewhere, having broad leaves and clusters of small greenish flowers. It is one of the oldest plant fibres known to have been cultivated in the orient and its use as a textile fibre in the east is of great antiquity. To the best of our knowledge, research about the environmental problems of ramie fiber is still limited. It was used in mummy cloths in Egypt during the period 5000 - 3000 BC, and has been grown in China for many centuries. • Diseases of Ramie: Ramiw, the vegetable fiber, is obtained from the stem of B. nivea (L.) Gaud. Advantages of Ramie Fibers: Ramie fiber is used for blending with other fibers. Ramie fiber is known especially for its ability to hold shape, reduce wrinkling, and introduce a silky lustre to the fabric appearance, is usually used as a blend with other fibers such as cotton,wool but will not dye as cotton. Chemical processing is required for processing ramie. It is also made into fabrics for household furnishings ( upholstery , canvas ) and clothing, frequently in blends with other textile fibers (for instance when used in a mixture with wool , shrinkage is reported to be greatly reduced when compared with pure wool). used in ramie fiber reinforced polymers (RFRP). Ramie is one of the oldest textile fibers. Keywords—Ramie, Synthetic Fibers, Cotton, Textiles Materials Introduction Ramie, one of the oldest textile fibre of plant origin ruled the … Because of the trend toward natural fibers, expect to see ramie become even more popular. x��\�s����>ux�|���t:�q��I�HS�)�C�q��������)�S�ͻ[ �����뫗/^�U�.���Ǘ/Ԭ��լj�g]S�M;��������7/_�4����C��٢���E3�?d���_g�1w7���ps��G�y��J�gY?���h�)? ramie synonyms, ramie pronunciation, ramie translation, English dictionary definition of ramie. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. It was used in mummy cloths in Egypt during the period 5000 - 3000 BC and has been grown in China for many centuries. <> Ramie is one of the oldest textile fibers. What is ramie made out of? Ramie definition is - an Asian perennial plant (Boehmeria nivea) of the nettle family. Ramie is a premium plant fibre with several useful characteristics and improvements in processing methods may well result in ramie becoming a more popular fibre in the near future. Dyeing could be done easily. 4 0 obj This would do great damage to tensile properties of fiber, for the hydrogen bonds among carboxyl groups and aldehydes groups were much weaker than the ones among hydroxyl groups. extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather. Nevertheless, ramie fabric has never really been widely used in the textile industry because the fabric is expensive and its processing is highly complex. Ramie fabric was used in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages. and is used in many textile products. Ramie fibers were used for burial shrouds in ancient Egypt and ancient China. Ramie fabric is used for apparel including suits, skirts, jackets, dresses, shirts, blouses, pants and handkerchiefs. Ramie is breathable and bacteria-resistant. It is known to have grown in China for many centuries before even cotton entered in that country in 1300 AD. The major and most widespread diseases are: (1) white fungus caused by Rosellina necatrix, (2) leaf spot caused by Cercosporo spp. A strong, soft fiber yielded by the inner bark of the Ramie plant. <> Ramie is one of the oldest vegetable fibers. La ramie (également appelée « ortie de Chine »), nom binominal « Boehmeria nivea » est une plante textile de la famille des orties utilisée pour la production artisanale. Characteristics. Après tissage et teinture, ils sont employés à la fabrication de linge de maison ou à la confection d’étoffes pour l’habillement ou l’ameublement. Interest in ramie is being rekindled and is appearing more often in the fiber content of clothing and textiles. However, due to the strong alkalinity of sodium hydroxide, the oxidation reaction speed of hydrogen peroxide is difficult to control and thus results in great damage to the treated fibers. Grâce à leurs propriétés d’imputrescibilité et d’absorption, les fibres trouvent un nouveau débouché dans le secteur des textiles … It is stiff and brittle and it breaks when repeatedly folded in the same place. Uses: Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textile use. Some or all are needed to separate the raw fiber from the adhesive gums or resins in which it is ensheathed. The main producers of ramie today are China, Brazil, Philippines, India, South Korea and Thailand. 14 degumming methods have been tried by scientists from time to time. The fabric is even more absorbent than cotton. Ramie root and leaf have therapeutic use in TCM. It is also made into fabrics for household furnishings and clothing, frequently in blends with other textile fibres. This fiber was growing in china in the past. Its absorbency properties are extremely high. Please fill in all necessary informations and click the Captcha Field, resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks, extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather, has natural stain resisting ability with ease of stain/soil removal similar to that of linen (and this is better than cotton), good wet-fastness in laundering - though dark colors may lose their vibrancy over repeated launderings, withstands high water temperatures during laundering, smooth lustrous appearance improves with washing, there is a need to de-gum the fiber prior to processing, the fiber is high cost which reduces its competitiveness against other textile fibers - this high cost is due to high labor requirement for production, harvesting and decortication. endobj Ramie fiber, extracted from the plant bast, is important in the textile industry. It is also commonly used in home fashion articles such as draperies, upholstery, linens and thread ( Anonymous, 2015 ). The chemical components, structure properties, tensile properties of degummed fiber and the character of oxidation degumming solution were tested and analyzed. "�,����ۗ/�V__1��,��4�Z����`�ЗȣaHz�@�ΐ#��{����SV�y6-n��b~}�x���e� ��dv;bm��*7'��2v���a���x�\����5��q�â��A��X��.2#�K軝?=��A�-=�7Ȋ����@�����d��,l�?�8~�lO��g��z�]=�y����_��ߴ��}������z{���6d=>M���&�KK{�!�G9�!���+q �!Ӏ��l�� [.�]��wBG���;A���ߦNоz[̀�|�S�H�5M^U��_�ӿHtU�2��DW�^��T�}�w����%����Z^�G��ԇ��7٢���V�.�FkP���?�Z����gm��0�a�g����,W=�E�*���"7*?�X���3����2���@ y�Z�{6��w_k5�>+��JO��?dZ����������i����j�٪�VM���0_�����sT�np,3 It resists the attack of bacteria, mildew and other insects. What is Ramie used for? Or so I thought until I came to wash it and read the label. 6 000 ans d'utilisation en font l'une des plus anciennes plantes textiles et papiers utilisées.. ADVANTAGES OF RAMIE AS A FABRIC. Ramie Uses. Ramie fabric is made out of natural fibre called Ramie also known as Mosi. Les fils à coudre peuvent être utilisés pour la maroquinerie, la confection des chaussures, mais aussi pour la confection de filets et de dentelles. �k}s�?��`p5�oYݛ'���^nu?H}��,ɘ�6�}�˦uL�Z%�C��n�j�x�Mn��2�H���������To�t��X�+�oyr�F;O�z�h�>A(D0�. Medicinal use of Ramie: Antiphlogistic, demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, haemostatic and vulnerary. 3 0 obj It is not durable as other fibers, and so is usually used as a blend with other fibers such as cotton or wool. In ramie. endobj %���� The coarser versions are used for canvas, rope, twine, wallpaper nets, parachutes and even bank notes and cigarette paper! The fiber's extraction and cleaning are expensive, chiefly because of the several steps—involving scraping, pounding, heating, washing, or exposure to chemicals. The leaves are astringent and resolvent. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " Ramie is one of the strongest natural fibers. When ramie is blended with silk, cotton, and linen it becomes more versatile. Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.) is one of the oldest crops in China and the second most important fiber crop in terms of area sown. Ramie textile is very strong, durable and highly absorbent. They have been used for centuries in Korea for the hanbok, Korea's traditional costume. Cloth is often made from cotton, flax, ramie or synthetic fibers derived from cellulose, such as rayon and acetate. Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. <> Ramie fibre has been in use since pre-historic times at least in China, India and Indonesia (Thieme, 1954). 2 0 obj Ramie fibre, also known as China grass, and ramie fabric, variously known as grass linen, grass cloth, or China linen, have been exported from East Asia to the Western… Read More; Inspire your inbox – Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers. Polish : " Gdy jeden Lubicz przy maj tkowym dziaB e brata skrzywdziB , utraciB za to jedno ramie g髍niego krzy | a ." <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> In ramie. This study aims to determine the effect of complete feed using ramie with or without ensilage and vegetable or animal sources of protein towards the growth and blood hematology of weaning Ettawa cross breed goat. Pure ramie is not as widely available as some other fabrics, mainly because of the cost of processing the finer versions. resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks. It exhibits even greater strength when wet. Ramie fabric is used for apparel including suits, skirts, jackets, dresses, shirts, blouses, pants and handkerchiefs. n. 1. Ramie is finding new uses in the automotive industry. However, in some countries such as Japan, ramie textile fibers are very popular. Used to prevent miscarriages and promote the drainage of pus. 1 0 obj �z��������;�)������a�rhf�ɡ��Z��:�l�70�}nm��|��]�h&��į�'tƎ Ramie, known as Chinese grass, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Urticaceae family and it is mainly cultivated in Asia [12]. China contributes more than 90% of the cultivation of ramie in the The study used a 2X2 factorial design and 6 (six) replicates. ramie with different silk with different blend proportions offers excellent scope for producing a variety of materials for different uses. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Sodium hydroxide is commonly used as the main alkali source in the oxidation degumming of ramie in the current studies for natural fiber extraction. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. stream Ramie has for the most part been used in the country in which it was produced. Cultivation. Ramie is one of the strongest fibers. In this paper, anthraquinone was used to improve the properties of ramie fiber in oxidation degumming. Ramie is still not used much by the textile industry largely because it is a high cost fibre due to its complex processing requirements. 2. The fiber is white, soft, lustrous and slightly coarser than flax when degummed and bleached. Ramie fiber is collected from the bark of the vegetable stalks. When ramie fiber was extracted by oxidation degumming, large amount of hydroxyl groups were converted to carboxyl groups and aldehydes groups. Son nom scientifique est : Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. %PDF-1.5 With the optimal dosage of anthraquinone (2% (o.w.f. It wrinkles … Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textile use. Or so I thought until I came to wash it and read label... The attack of bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light insect... Rekindled and is appearing more often in the oxidation degumming of ramie, occurrence! And promote the drainage of pus other fibers, expect to see ramie become even more.... 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